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In the News - Archives


Infant food allergy reactions result of poor vigilance, errors

Infants and preschoolers with allergies to milk or egg have an 80 percent chance of at least one allergic reaction each year, according to a study in Pediatrics. About 65 percent of reactions were attributed to unintentional ingestion, label-reading errors, and cross-contact. Half were attributed to food not provided by parents... Read More

Association Between Prediagnostic IgE Levels and Risk of Glioma

Men and women whose blood samples contained allergen-specific IgE had an almost 50 percent lower risk of developing glioma 20 years later compared to people without allergen-specific IgE, according to a study online in Journal of the National Cancer Institute. The study also suggested women with allergen-specific IgE had at least a 50 percent lower risk for gliobastoma... Read More

CDC says work-related asthma a significant problem

In the U.S., nine percent of adults with asthma — about 1.4 million adults annually — have asthma caused or worsened by work exposures, according to a study in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Researchers analyzed data from 38 states and the District of Columbia from 2006 to 2009. They also found older workers and workers from certain ethnic groups were most at risk for work-related or work-exacerbated asthma. The proportion was similar for women and men... Read More

Parameters for predicting cow's milk allergy in infants

Skin prick tests and early reactions can help predict the course of IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in infants, according to a study in Pediatrics... Read More

Few Amish farm children have allergies, study says

Researchers found 5 percent of Amish children had an asthma diagnosis, compared with 6.8 percent of Swiss farm children and 11.2 percent of Swiss children not living on farms according to a study in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology... Read More

Infant lung function deficits lead to childhood asthma

Lung function deficits and increased bronchial responsiveness related to future asthma may develop before birth, according to a study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine... Read More

Maintenance PPI therapy shows promise for children with EoE

Children with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) showed improvement in symptoms and z-scores, despite persistent eosinophilic inflammation, according to a study published in Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology... Read More

Antibiotics Not Necessary for Most Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

The majority of uncomplicated acute rhinosinusitis symptoms don’t change after three days, whether or not patients are prescribed amoxicillin, says a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association... Read More

Breastfed Infants Develop Stronger Lungs, Less Asthma

Children who were breastfed as infants have better lung function and lower asthma risk than formula-fed infants, two studies suggest. In a study in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, scientists at University of Bern, Switzerland followed about 1,500 children in the U.K. from birth... Read More

Low Cortisol in Infants' Saliva Related to Fewer Allergy Symptoms

Infants with low concentrations of cortisol in their saliva develop fewer allergy symptoms and less allergic sensitization than infants with higher concentrations of the hormone, according to a study in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology...Read more


Accidental Epinephrine Injection Does Not Harm Fingers!
The accidental injection of epinephrine into fingers has long been considered to place a person at higher risk of necrosis or amputation of the digit. This has been considered "dogma" for as long as many of us have been in practice. Recent articles from the Annals of Emergency Medicine are reassuring regarding the outcome of accidental sticks with epinephrine, from autoinjectors. Read More
Study: Prenatal pet exposure can affect child's allergy risk
A mother's pet exposure, the method of delivery, and the child's race all affect the child's risk of developing allergies by 2 years old, according to a study in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit studied 1,187 newborns, measuring blood IgE levels at birth, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years. Read More
A mother's folic acid intake during the first trimester does not affect her young child's asthma risk, according to a study in American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Researchers at the Yale School of Public Health in New Haven, Conn., studied 1,499 pregnant women and their children through age 6. There was no association between folic acid supplementation and asthma in the children. Read More

New Law lets Schools Treat Allergic Reactions

Illinois Governor Pat Quinn signed a new law authorizing school officials to give an epinephrine shot to any student who is suffering a severe allergic reaction.

Under the new law, a nurse could use an EpiPen or other device to administer the medication to any student suspected of having a life-threatening reaction, even if the child is not diagnosed with an allergy, without fear of legal recourse. The law also removes a restriction that prevented schools from keeping a stock of the medicine on hand. Read More

Intranasal capsaicin improves rhinitis symptoms in study

When used continuously over a two-week period, ICX72, a preparation of Capsicum annum and Eucalyptol, improved rhinitis symptoms (vs. placebo) in subjects with a significant nonallergic rhinitis component, according to a study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Researchers at University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Ohio, conducted a controlled trial using 42 consenting subjects who randomly received either ICX72 (n = 20) or control (n = 22) twice daily over two weeks. ICX72 vs. placebo subjects exhibited significant differences in changes from baseline to end of study for total nasal and individual symptom scores, as well as improved nasal congestion, sinus pain, sinus pressure, and headache. Read More

FDA Orders Combo LABA-corticosteroid Safety Studies

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently ordered manufacturers to begin five randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials testing the safety of long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids vs. inhaled corticosteroids alone. Four trials will include 46,800 patients 12 years and older. One will include 6,200 patients 4 to 11 years old. Drugs being evaluated: Symbicort (budesonide and formoterol), Advair Diskus (fluticasone and salmeterol), Dulera (mometasone and formoterol), and Foradil (formoterol). The Foradil trial will include fluticasone, provided in a separate inhaler. Read More

Not Enough Evidence to Use PPIs for Routine Asthma

Study evidence is insufficient to recommend proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for routine asthma treatment, according to a study in Archives of Internal Medicine. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston analyzed results from 11 studies that involved more than 2,500 adult patients, with or without heartburn. Patients who took PPIs did show an increase in morning peak expiratory flow rates, compared with those who took only a placebo. But analyses of secondary outcomes, such as asthma symptoms scores, asthma quality of life questionnaire scores, and evening PEF rates, showed no significant difference between the groups. Read More

World Asthma Day Highlights Increase in U.S. Asthma

World Asthma Day was May 3rd, 2011, and recent statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control highlight the burden of the disease.  In the U.S., both the number of people with asthma and the total costs continue to increase, year over year. Children with asthma account for an increasing proportion of those affected, with up to 1 in 10 children impacted by the disease. Minority children have an even higher burden of disease...Read more  


Primatene Mist Inhaler To Be Unavailable in 2012 (March 2011)

The only over-the-counter asthma relief inhaler sold in the United States will no longer be available after December 31, 2011 as part of an international agreement to stop the use of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons), which damage the ozone layer. Prescription asthma relief inhalers are also affected by this CFC ban and to date most have been remanufactured using an alternative propellant (environmentally safe HFA or hydrofluoroalkane).  No alternative formulations of Primatene Mist are available at this time.  Read more

Many patients with asthma, COPD misusing inhalers (March 2011)

Many asthma and COPD patients may be taking their inhaled medications incorrectly, according to a study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Researchers at the University of Chicago asked 100 adults hospitalized for asthma or worsening chronic obstructive lung disease to demonstrate how they used their inhalers at home. Subjects were misusing metered-dose inhalers nearly nine out of 10 times, and Diskus inhalers seven out of 10 times. 

Family mealtime may affect child’s asthma (March 2011)

The quality of family mealtimes can affect the health of children with asthma, according to a study in Child Development. U.S. researchers observed mealtime interactions of 200 families with children from 5 to 12 years old with persistent asthma. The study found that mealtimes lasted an average of about 18 minutes and that the quality of interaction between family members was directly related to the children's health, including asthma symptoms. 

Peanut, Tree Nut-Allergic More Likely to Develop Sesame Allergy (February 2011)  

Children with peanut and tree nut allergies may be more likely to develop an allergy to sesame seeds compared with children without peanut or tree nut allergies, according to a small retrospective study in Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.  Researchers at Children's Hospital Boston studied medical records of children who had skin prick tests for sesame allergy between 2006 and 2008.  13-15% of peanut or tree nut allergic children were allergic to sesame.  The rate of sesame allergy jumped to 50 percent for children allergic to both peanuts and tree nuts. Read More 

Buyer Beware: Toxins from Tobacco Can Be Retained in Dust, Surfaces (January 2011)

Previous owners' tobacco smoking can affect the health of non-smoking new homeowners, according to a study in Tobacco Control.  Researchers examined 50 nonsmokers' homes and 100 smokers' homes before and after they moved out.  They measured nicotine levels on surfaces, in air, on participants' fingers, as well as cotinine levels in urine samples from nonsmoking residents after they moved into new homes. Tobacco residue contamination in dust, surfaces, on fingers, and in urine of participants at homes formerly inhabited by smokers was present even after the homes had been vacant for two months, cleaned, and repainted!

Lower Maternal Vitamin D Intake Linked to Wheezing in Offspring (January 2011) 

There may be an association between maternal vitamin D intake and wheezing in offsping, according to a study in Pediatrics. Researchers at Harvard Medical School followed 922 children born in New Zealand, checking vitamin D levels in their umbilical cord blood, at 15 months and annually thereafter.  They also followed up with parent questionnaires about infection and wheezing history. They found that the lower the level of D, the greater the risk of wheezing, but no association with incident asthma.

Deployment to Iraq Linked to Higher Asthma Risk (October 2010)

During the early stages of the Iraq War a research team at SUNY Stony Brook School of Medicine began investigating diagnoses of new-onset asthma among deployed soldiers.  Their research, published in Asthma & Allergy Proceedings July 2010, finds that among the 6,233 troops on active duty from 2004-2007, the rate of new-onset asthma was 6.6% for Iraq-deployed soldiers and 4.4% for stateside-based ones. Read more


Damp House Linked to Kids' Risk of Nasal Allergies (September 2010)

Children who live in damp, water-damaged homes may be more likely than other kids to develop nasal allergies, according to a population-based study in American Journal of Epidemiology.  Researchers at the Institute of Health Sciences in Oulu, Finland, followed 1,863 children (who were 1 to 7 years old at baseline) from Espoo, Finland, for six years.  Those whose parents reported any mold or water damage in the home at study outset were 55 percent more likely than other children to develop nasal allergies...Read more

Racial disparities in asthma, despite equal healthcare access (August 2010)

Even with equal access to healthcare, children have racial disparities in asthma, according to a study in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. Compared with white children, black and Hispanic children in all age categories were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with asthma, and black children of all ages were significantly more likely to have filled any prescriptions for inhaled corticosteroids. Read more



Children's burger consumption associated with asthma (August 2010)

Children who eat more burgers are more likely to have asthma for life, a new study in Thorax says, while children who eat more fruit, fish and cooked green vegetables lower their odds for asthma and wheeze. While diet did not appear to influence allergies, it was associated with asthma and wheeze risk. Children with higher burger consumption had a higher lifetime prevalence of asthma and wheeze, especially among children without allergies from more affluent countries.  Read more

FDA approves radiofrequency device for severe asthma (June 2010)
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently approved a device that uses radiofrequency energy to treat severe and persistent asthma in adults 18 and older whose asthma isn't controlled with medication, including inhaled corticosteroids or long-acting beta agonists.  The FDA based its approval on data from a clinical trial of 297 patients with severe and persistent asthma, showing a reduction of severe asthma attacks with use of the system.

Vitamin D deficiency affects children’s asthma symptoms (May 2010)

Children with asthma who also have a vitamin D deficiency have more asthma symptoms than asthmatic children who don't have a vitamin D deficiency, according to a study in the Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology. Scientists at National Jewish Health, Denver, and University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, studied 100 subjects with childhood asthma, analyzing serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Of the 100, 47 percent had insufficient vitamin D levels and 17 percent had deficient levels. Lower vitamin D levels were inversely correlated with positive aeroallergen skin prick test responses and positively correlated with lower lung function. Read More...

Pregnant women had higher risk of H1N1 death in 2009 (May 2010)

Pregnant women had a disproportionately higher risk of death due to 2009 influenza A (H1N1) in the United States, according to a study in JAMA. Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), analyzed reports about influenza A (H1N1) reported with symptom onset from April through August 2009. Among 788 reports of pregnant women with H1N1, 30 died, 509 were hospitalized and 115 admitted to ICU. Early antiviral treatment appeared to be associated with fewer admissions to ICU and fewer deaths.
Read More...   

Accurate Diagnosis of Food Allergies Remains Challenging (May 2010)

According to a recent study from the Journal of the American Medical Association , the prevalence of food allergy may be overestimated. While allergists in the United States would agree that food allergy issues seem to be increasing, most would also point out that much of what people consider "food allergy" may instead be a food intolerance or non-allergic issue. Yet, food allergy remains an important problem in children and adults, and can be life threatening. Methods of testing for food allergies have their limits. Allergists can help determine whether the problem is occurring on an allergic basis. Or not.

“Adverse Reactions to Vaccines” by Dr. James Li (April 2010)
Immunizations have dramatically reduced the burden of many infectious diseases worldwide. The seasonal influenza vaccine has a strong track record of successfully reducing influenza infection. The 2009 H1N1 vaccine is expected to protect many individuals from H1N1 infections and its associated respiratory complications, including hospitalizations and death from pneumonia . . .



Time in chlorinated pools ups teens’ asthma risk (April 2010)
Teenagers who spent more than 1,000 hours swimming in chlorinated pools had more than eight times the asthma risk than subjects who swam in copper-silver disinfected pools, according to a study in Pediatrics.



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