Eczema flare-ups can be triggered by contact with allergens like animal dander, irritants like coarse fabric, or household products like detergents and cleaners. Being too hot, too cold, stressed or ill can also trigger an eczema outbreak.
Contact dermatitis can be triggered by skin contact with a variety of allergens or irritants. Plants like poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are common triggers. Household products like hair dyes, cosmetics, soaps and lotions can also trigger contact dermatitis. If you’ve experienced sensitivity, try avoiding products with strong fragrances or chemical smells. Nickel, a metal commonly found in jewelry, is another common material that can cause an allergic reaction. Natural rubber latex, leather and medications that you put on your skin, can also be triggers.
The sun can also cause a skin rash when interacting with cosmetic or skin products. This is not a sun allergy, but if you develop a rash in the sun after using products like shaving lotion, sunscreen or perfume, you may be experiencing photoallergic contact dermatitis.
Hives can be triggered by insect stings or bites; contact with allergens like latex, chemicals, animals, plants or cosmetics; or ingestion of foods or medications. Cold, heat, pressure, sweating, vibration (from running, snoring, clapping, etc.), sunlight and water can also be triggers.
It can be difficult to identify what triggered your rash. Allergists are trained specialists who can help you identify the source of your allergic reaction and develop a treatment plan to help you find relief.
Learn about common triggers and how to avoid them. Here are examples:
- Food. Peanuts, eggs, nuts, milk, shellfish
- Medications. Antibiotics such as penicillin, aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opiates, cancer therapies
- Topical contact. Latex, chemicals, animal or plant proteins, cosmetics
- Insect bites and stings. Bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets, fire ants
- Physical or environmental factors. Cold, heat, pressure, sweating, vibration, sunlight, water
- Viral infections.